Use a magnifying glass or lamp if needed. When looking at a bead to identify its age, the following considerations are important: Can you see a seam? If so, this can indicated a mold for a plastic bead, or pressed glass.
What are vintage beads?
Vintage beads are beads that are no longer in production. They are at least 25 or more years old and they are available in materials that include Glass, Crystal, Metal, Bakelite, Ceramic, Plastic and Lucite.
How do you tell if beads are glass or stone?
Place the stone against your front teeth and rub it back and forth. Real stones have tiny imperfections on their surface, while manufactured glass will not. So, glass will feel smooth, while a real stone will feel gritty.
How old are trade beads?
The beads’ history dates to the 15th century when Portuguese trading ships arrived on the coast of West Africa to exploit its many resources, including gold, slaves, ivory and palm oil. At that time, glass beads were a major part of the currency exchanged for people and products.
How old are African trade beads?
African Trade Beads – The beads on this page vary in age, most greater than 25 years old. Historically, trade beads were used between the 16th and 20th century as a form of currency.
How can you tell if gem beads are real?
Truly natural gemstones like African Opal are only mined, cut, and polished and not altered in any way. They contain blemishes, flaws, and imperfections and no two beads or stones are exactly the same. An authentic stone will have grooves and divots that you can feel when running your fingernail over the surface.
What is a Delica bead?
Miyuki Delica Beads are cylinder shaped Japanese glass seed beads. … Delicas are preferred for peyote stitch, brick stitch, and weaving on looms because their cylinder shape gives the finished piece a flat surface which maximizes any design or pattern.
How can you tell real crystal from glass?
Get a glass and hold it up to a light source. You can tell that it is crystal if it creates a rainbow prism effect. If it doesn’t, then you are holding just a plain glass. If you tap the glass and you hear a musical ring with a little bit of echo, then it is crystal.
How can you tell quartz from glass?
Look for Bubbles
To properly use a jeweler’s loupe, hold the loupe directly in front of one eye. Without squinting, move the specimen closer to the loupe until the view focuses. Inspect the specimen for air bubbles. If air bubbles are present, the specimen is glass, not quartz.
How do you identify Trade Beads?
How to Identify Trade Beads
- Hold and examine the bead. Try to determine what material it is made of. …
- Examine the bead for signs of natural aging. Metals change color with age and may be dented or scratched. …
- Familiarize yourself with the different varieties of handmade beads.
What do the colors of beads mean?
Blue: healing, harmony, insight, truth. Brown: earth, stability. Green: prosperity, fertility, abundance, hope, healing. Purple: spirituality, wisdom, royalty. Red: vitality, passion, bravery, confidence.
What items were traded for glass beads?
Beads were traded for gold, ivory, raw materials and slaves. They served as currency and were typically made of glass, though semi-precious stones were also popular. To this day these beads are known as Trade Beads.
How do you authenticate African trade beads?
Another characteristic features within the design of individual beads. Those with uneven, or non-symmetrical patterns are more likely to be authentic. Modern stamping techniques tend to produce an even finish, with a pattern that “fits” the bead. Antique beads also tend to be hand-painted.
What are white heart beads?
Traditional white heart beads are compound bi-layered glass beads that are characterized by an opaque white or yellow colored core and a translucent red-shaded coating. They come in a number of different shapes such as round, tubular, oval, bicone, or sliced.
How old are chevron beads?
Chevron beads are special glass beads; the first specimens of this type were created by glass bead makers in Venice and Murano, Italy, toward the end of the 14th century. They may also be referred to as rosetta, or star beads.