Answer: Grain is the direction of the yarns in a fabric.
Which refers to the direction of the yarn?
Grain is the direction of the yarns in a fabric. … All fabrics that are made up of yarns have grain or direction. Technically, the term grain only refers to woven fabric; the term direction is frequently used with knit fabrics.
What are the 2 directions of weaving called?
Warp and weft are the two basic components used in weaving to turn thread or yarn into fabric. The lengthwise or longitudinal warp yarns are held stationary in tension on a frame or loom while the transverse weft (sometimes woof) is drawn through and inserted over and under the warp.
Which is indicate the warp yarn direction?
Weaves are made on a loom by interlacing two orthogonal (mutually perpendicular) sets of yarns (warp and fill). The warp direction is parallel to the length of the roll, while the fill, weft, or woof direction is perpendicular to the length of the roll.
Why do woven fabrics stretch more on the bias or diagonal direction?
Woven fabrics stretch in the bias, or diagonal, direction because with all the yarns being pulled at an angle, the yarns are now able to shift or move. The yarn movement results in increased fabric elasticity.
What is the direction of yarn in woven cloth called?
The direction of the yarns in a woven fabric is referred to as Warp and weft.
What direction is weft?
Warp is the long yarn that runs vertically up and down the roll of fabric, this governs the vertical pattern repeat. Regardless of fabric width. Weft is the yarn that passes horizontally across the fabric roll, generally is it shorter and governs the horizontal pattern repeat.
What is warp and weft direction?
The warp direction refers to the threads that run the length of the fabric. … It forms the longer dimension of the fabric and is the direction of the roll length. The fill, or weft, refers to the yarns that are pulled and inserted perpendicularly to the warp yarns across the width of the fabric.
What is cotton yarn?
Cotton yarn is soft, breathable and so versatile for knitters! This natural plant-based fiber is one of the oldest known materials and remains a staple in the knitting industry today. Mass production began in the 1700s with the invention of the cotton gin.
What is the other name of warp yarn?
weaving, lengthwise yarns are called warp; crosswise yarns are called weft, or filling.
What is warp stretch?
This pair is designed with innovative stretch technology woven into the vertical “warp” threads of the denim. The jeans stretch vertically instead of horizontally, and move in all the ways you do while still keeping their shape.
Is warp or weft stretch?
When pulled warp-wise, most fabric types will have very little stretch but pulled weft-wise, there will be a small amount of stretch. The warp threads are typically stronger, as they have to run the entire length of a bolt of fabric.
What is warp fiber?
Warp are the lengthwise threads attached to a loom before weaving begins. Warp is spun fiber. Initially the fiber would have been wool, flax or cotton, and then later artificial or man-made fibers such as nylon or rayon were employed. The weft is woven back and forth through the warp to make fabric.
In which direction does fabric elongate the most?
Elongation at break values of specimens in weft direction are higher than those in warp direction. This is because of the fact that weft yarns have less tension than warp yarn during weaving, therefore weft yarns elongate more easily than warp yarns during tests.
Which way does fabric stretch?
The direction of the greatest stretch has to go across your body, rather than up and down. This will give you the best fit from stretch fabrics. Don’t focus too much on lining up the selvedges when laying out your fabric.
Which direction is the grain of fabric?
Simply put, grain is the direction of the weave in the fabric. Fabric is created by weaving two or more threads at right angles to each other. There is the lengthwise grain and the crosswise grain.